Heart disease is a major health issue worldwide. February was established as the month of heart health awareness in the US, UK and other countries to raise public awareness about cardiovascular health.
For the past 30 years, cardiovascular disease has been the number one cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of death for people aged 15 years and above. Cardiovascular disease is responsible for more than one third of annual global deaths and in 2019, approximately 18 million people lost their lives due to cardiovascular complications. A significant percentage of 80% of all cardiovascular deaths are caused by a heart attack or a stroke and 36% of those heart attack and stroke deaths are people under the age of 70.
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common yet one of the most complicated health challenges around the globe. Cardiovascular disease can be used to refer to a variety of diseases affecting the heart and its blood vessels. Some of the most common ones are heart failure, coronary heart disease (commonly known as heart attack), hypertension and cerebrovascular disease (stroke). Until now, the risk of developing a cardiovascular disease was calculated using lifestyle factors such as high body mass index (BMI), smoking, physical inactivity, and high blood cholesterol. In recent years, emphasis has also shifted towards hereditary genetic factors. Research shows that people can inherit genetic mutations which could potentially result in a compromised cardiovascular system. Genetic testing is the process of analyzing cells or tissue to look for changes (mutations) in genes, chromosomes, or proteins that may be a sign of a disease or condition; and it plays a vital role in early detection. People diagnosed at an early stage have the best prognosis by undergoing therapies or adapting significant lifestyle changes.
At least one third of worldwide heart attacks and strokes are preventable. Cardiovascular genetic tests are an efficient and accurate way to get an insight about your cardiovascular health. People with an inherited genetic mutation have a predisposition to developing a life-threatening condition in the future. The genetic mutation is present since birth but can manifest any time. Genetic screening can inform individuals of their risk to develop a cardiovascular disease and help avoid future complications that might be irreversible. Genetic screening is recommended by several associations such as European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association.
Early detection and clinical management is key to preventing sudden cardiovascular episodes. Clinical testing can identify high risk patients through chemical analysis of biological markers (biomarkers). A biomarker is a characteristic that can be measured and evaluated as an indicator of a biological state or condition. Common biomarkers used to identify high risk individuals are LDL, HDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoproteins, and ferritin levels. Each of these biomarkers serves as an indicator and depending on their levels, advice or medication is given to limit or eliminate the risk of developing or worsening a cardiovascular disease.
Scientific research has led to the discovery of a wide range of biomarkers linked to cardiovascular health risks and cardiovascular disease prevention. Novel cardiovascular biomarkers include substances such as enzymes, hormones, and proteins, that are released into the bloodstream in the event of stressed or damaged heart. An example of a novel cardiovascular biomarker is troponin, a group of proteins that regulate the contractions of the heart and skeletal muscles, with a high sensitivity and longer presence in the blood that any other biomarker, making it the best way to diagnosing a heart attack. Hemoglobin is one of the most widely measured biomarkers as it reflects up to 3 months of glucose levels in the blood of patients suffering from diabetes. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein is another novel biomarker as it indicates any severe ongoing inflammation and B-type natriuretic peptide is a biomarker that indicates a myocardial wall stress.
Advancements in research and analysis on novel biomarkers, as well as genetic testing to identify hereditary genetic mutations, can be key to early detection, better prognosis and reliable clinical management of cardiovascular diseases.
NIPD Genetics values your interest in NIPD Genetics, its products and its services. NIPD Genetics takes the protection of your data seriously.
You may contact NIPD Genetics Public Company Ltd at NIPD Genetics Public Company Ltd Neas Engomis 31 Engomi, Nicosia 2409, Cyprus
NIPD Genetics Data Protection Officer can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Type of personal information NIPD Genetics may collect through its Sites
The ways by which NIPD Genetics collects, uses or shares such information
Steps NIPD Genetics takes to protect its sites’ users personal information
This page informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of personal data when you use our Sites and the choices you have associated with that data.
Type of personal information NIPD Genetics may collect through its Sites
Information Collection And Use
We collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide and improve our Sites and services to you.
While using NIPD Genetics Sites, you may be asked to provide NIPD Genetics certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify you ("Personal Information"). Personal Information that might be used to identify you includes, but is not limited to:
First name and last name
Address, State, Province, ZIP/Postal code, City
If you send us a query via our Contact us form, your email address, the content and any follow up emails are retained indefinitely.
Cookies and Usage Data
We may also collect information how the Sites are accessed and used ("Usage Data"). This Usage Data may include information such as your computer's Internet Protocol address (e.g. IP address), browser type, browser version, the pages of our Sites that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.
Tracking & Cookies Data
Cookies are files with small amount of data which may include an anonymous unique identifier. Cookies are sent to your browser from a website and stored on your device. Tracking technologies also used are beacons, tags, and scripts to collect and track information and to improve and analyze our Sites.
You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, if you do not accept cookies, you may not be able to use some portions of our Sites.
Examples of Cookies we use:
Session Cookies. We use Session Cookies to operate our Sites.
Preference Cookies. We use Preference Cookies to remember your preferences and various settings.
Security Cookies. We use Security Cookies for security purposes.
Visitor behavior cookies. To understand how visitors use and navigate the Sites
Keyword cookies. To understand how visitors discover the Sites.
Use of Data
www.nipd.com uses the collected data for various purposes:
To provide and maintain the Sites
To notify you about changes to our Sites
To allow you to participate in interactive features of our Sites when you choose to do so
To provide customer care and support
To provide analysis or valuable information so that we can improve the Sites
To monitor the usage of the Sites
To detect, prevent and address technical issues
Transfer of Data
Your information, including personal data, may be transferred to — and maintained on — computers located outside of your province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from your jurisdiction.
If you are located outside Cyprus and choose to provide information to us, please note that we transfer the data, including personal data, to Cyprus and process it there.
Disclosure of Data
NIPD Genetics complies with the protection of personal data regulation and will not sale or trade your personal data.
NIPD Genetics may disclose your personal data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to:
To comply with a legal obligation
To protect and defend the rights or property of www.nipd.com
To prevent or investigate possible wrongdoing in connection with the Sites
To protect the personal safety of users of the Sites or the public
To protect against legal liability
Security of Data
The security of your data is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.
We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate, maintain or operate our Sites ("Service Providers"), to provide the SItes on our behalf, to perform service-related services or to assist us in analyzing how our Sites is used.
These third parties have access to your Personal Data only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated not to disclose or use it for any other purpose.
We may use third-party Service Providers to monitor and analyze the use of our Sites.
Google Analytics is a web analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic. Google uses the data collected to track and monitor the use of our Service. This data is shared with other Google services. Google may use the collected data to contextualize and personalize the ads of its own advertising network.
Access to your personal data, correction, deletion, and Opting Out
You have the right to review, update or delete any of your personal data by sending a request at NIPD Genetics Personal Data Officer email@example.com
Links to Other Sites
We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies or practices of any third-party sites or services.
Our Service does not address anyone under the age of 18 ("Children").
We do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your Children has provided us with Personal Data, please contact us. If we become aware that we have collected Personal Data from children without verification of parental consent, we take steps to remove that information from our servers.